Klamath Mountains

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Klamath Mountains

Post by taixyz1992 on Thu Oct 28, 2010 11:12 am

The Klamath Mountains, which include the Siskiyou, Marble, Scott, Trinity, Trinty Alps, Salmon, and northern Yolla-Bolly Mountains,[1] are a rugged lightly populated mountain range in northwest California and southwest Oregon in the United States. The highest peaks are Mount Eddy (9025 ft / 2750 m) in Siskiyou County, California, Thompson Peak (9002 ft / 2744 m) in Trinity County, California, and Mount Ashland (7,533 ft / 2296 m) in Jackson County, Oregon. They have a varied geology, with substantial areas of serpentine and marble, and a climate characterized by a moderately cold winters with very heavy snowfall, and warm very dry summers with limited rainfall.[2] As a consequence of the geology, the mountains harbor a unique floristic region known as the Klamath-Siskiyou, which includes several endemic or near-endemic trees, such as Port Orford cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana), Foxtail pine (Pinus balfouriana spp. balfouriana), Brewer spruce (Picea breweriana) and a small shrub Kalmiopsis (Kalmiopsis leachiana), forming one of the largest collections of different conifers in the world.[3] The northernmost and largest sub-range of the Klamath Mountains are known as the Siskiyou Mountains. The area is also home to a diverse array of wild fish and animal species, including nine species of salmonid, plus bears, large cats, and eagles. Physiographically, they are a section of the larger Pacific Border province, which in turn are part of the larger Pacific Mountain System physiographic division.


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